Robots & AI
Robots & AI
Technologies of machine learning and artificial intelligence are not our tomorrow, but today. They are used in trade, insurance, banking, medicine, industry, protection of order, etc.
Artificial intelligence has long gone beyond the limits of laboratories and solves practical problems. It is built into many mobile applications and video games. Algorithms for recognizing texts and images also use the AI. So-called intellectual assistants are able to answer simple questions, tell jokes, search the information online and analyze the user’s behavior. Finally, the latest models of the famous smartphone are equipped with a face recognition system, and this is also an AI. And built on a neural network, that is, using the principles of the human brain and capable of self-learning.
"In 10 years, the machine will be able to make decisions without a human being, and will also learn how to reprogram itself," said Michael Wirth, head of business development at the American IT company, who opened the forum on artificial intelligence systems. The experts gathered on it are not inclined to frighten the user with "car revolt" and unemployment, which will be caused by the widespread popularity of robots. They argue that the use of man-made intelligence leads to increased profits, increased safety, and quality of our lives.
For example, in a sales network selling electronics, AI service helps to communicate with customers in a new way. With a probability of 70%, it predicts which goods will be purchased. This allows the company to promote the most popular gadgets, forecast the demand for them in stores and optimize logistics.
One of the insurance companies has implemented an intellectual system for predicting major accidents. It allows them to improve insurance programs for customers with a high risk of large payments. Another example from the same sphere: the sale of insurance medical policies on selfies. Examining your photo, the AI will identify possible diseases and identify risk factors (for example, will detect a long history of smoking).
In medicine, "smart" algorithms have fantastic opportunities and perspectives. An urgent problem is the timely detection of diseases. There are so many medical examinations that doctors cannot interpret and diagnose them.
Here, for example, lung cancer, ranking first in mortality among cancer diseases. In 80% of cases, it is detected in the late stages, when nothing can be done. The proposed algorithm is able to detect a fatal illness in the early phase, analyzing layer by layer images of computed tomography — a huge array of data from which the 3D image is composed. The output of each lung region will accurately determine the probability of a tumor.
In a few years, AI will be able to compile a nearly complete medical record, analyzing all of our organs based on one CT scan. The speed of diagnosis will increase tens of times.
In Australia, an AI system has been developed that improves the quality of wines. The program takes into account all the characteristics of the wine production process (temperature, maturation, equipment influence), monitors the sensor data from the vineyards and compiles the optimal work schedule. It allows winemakers to save considerable time and money.
In Rutgers University (USA) an algorithm is created that reveals counterfeit pictures of just one brush stroke. AI carefully studies the work of painters (Picasso, Matisse, Modigliani, etc.), after which it easily finds the canvases written by other artists in the form of an imitation of the great masters. What is not support for museum workers and policemen?
But even more benefits for law enforcement bring technology, preventing crime. In Chicago for six months, it was possible to reduce the number of murders by 33%. The city police have adopted a computer algorithm, analyzing a variety of statistics on areas, including weather reports. On the streets of Chicago, sensors are installed, fixing the sounds of shooting, and the AI system carefully looks at the streaming video coming from all the cameras of the metropolis, and, if necessary, automatically calls the police to the scene of the crime.